Tag Archive | "meaning of sun in Bible"

The Two Great Lights And Your Star

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And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.  (Genesis 1:16)


Even in the creation account at the beginning of the book of Genesis, there is hidden truth about the Gospel.  For example, Genesis 1:16 tells us about two great lights. We know that the “greater light” is the sun.  Psalm 19:3-5 reveals something interesting about it:


There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. 4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, 5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.


These verses are telling us about the heavens, and they help us understand something about the significance of the sun in the Bible.  Notice that the sun (at the end of verse 4) is compared with a bridegroom in verse 5.  From other verses, we know that the bridegroom is the Lord Jesus.  We see this in Mark 2:19-20:


And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? as long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast.  But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.


At this point we might conclude that the sun is a picture of the Lord, because the sun is identified with a bridegroom – who in turn is identified with the Lord Jesus.  That could be what God is telling us in Genesis 1:16; however, there are some other verses about the sun that we should consider.  One of them is Matthew 24:29:


Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:


We know that the Lord is eternal: His light won’t ever be darkened, as we see from Revelation 22:5:


And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.


However, according to Matthew 24:29 there is a time when the sun becomes darkened; it is telling us about the end of the era when God was saving people.  Therefore, Genesis 1:16 seems to mean that the “greater light” is the Gospel’s power to save.  


Of course, the lesser light in Genesis 1:16 is the moon.  To understand what the moon may represent there, first read Leviticus 18:4:


Ye shall do my judgments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk therein: I am the LORD your God.


Notice that here the word “ordinances” is associated with keeping God’s laws; but there is another verse in which the word “ordinances” is associated with the moon.  Read Jeremiah 31:35:


Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name: 


It’s the same Hebrew word (Strong’s number H2708) translated as “ordinances” in both verses.  Therefore, we see that the moon is associated with the ordinances or the laws of God.


Getting back to Genesis 1:16, we see that the greater light rules the day and the lesser light rules the night.  As we read the Bible, we find that the unsaved are in darkness; but God’s elect have been called out of darkness.  We find this explained in Colossians 1:12-13:


Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:  Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:   


Whenever God saved someone, He rescued that person from the kingdom of Satan and brought him or her out of spiritual darkness and into spiritual light; so we see that the night in Genesis 1:16 is associated with the unsaved, while the day is associated with the saved.  The unsaved remain in spiritual darkness and are under the law, but God’s children are under grace.  This is exactly what we learn from 1 Peter 2:9:


But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:   


There’s a verse in Revelation that also mentions the sun, moon and stars; and it may help us understand Genesis 1:16.  In Revelation 12:1, we read:


And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:


This woman appears to represent the body of true believers that God saved out of ancient Israel.  In a way, the Lord Jesus came out of this group of believers because He was born to one of them: a young virgin named Mary.  The “man child” of Revelation 12:5 is clearly the Lord:


And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.


Notice that the woman of Revelation 12:1 has the moon under her feet: she is no longer “under” the law, because she has been clothed with the sun.  She has been saved through the Gospel and is clothed in the righteousness God gives His children. 


We know that our moon produces no light by itself.  Rather, it reflects light from the sun.  Just as nature proves the existence of God, so does the Bible.  They both reflect God’s glory, just as the moon reflects sunlight. 


What about the stars?  Stars are identified with the seed of Abraham in Genesis 15:5, where we read:


And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.


Recall that there is a reference to ordinances of the stars in Jeremiah 31:35.  Obviously, no man had anything to do with creating God’s law; but they bring God’s law whenever they bring the Gospel. 


Perhaps we can understand the relationship between ordinances and stars in this way: once God saves a person, he or she shines with the light of the Gospel.  God uses His elect to bring the Gospel, and they are a witness to the world.  They are stars shining in a world of spiritual darkness.


You may find a verse in which stars do not represent God’s elect.  For example, in Jude 13, we read:


Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.


If you read in Jude the verses preceding the above verse, you see that the wandering stars represent people who are enemies of the true Gospel.  However, in Genesis 1:16 the stars are mentioned with the sun and the moon.  There, the stars certainly appear to represent the elect.


Read Matthew 24:29 again:


Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:


When the sun becomes darkened and the moon no longer gives her light, then the stars fall from heaven.  What can that mean?   The Bible shows us that before the Rapture, God allows His elect to be overcome.  We see this in Revelation 11, which tells us about two witnesses.  These two represent God’s elect near the end of time.  In Revelation 11:7, we read:


And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.


As we continue reading, we find that the world rejoices over the death of these two witnesses. Revelation 11:11-12 tells us what happens after that:


And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.  And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. 


The three and half days represent the time God’s elect remain here after they are “overcome,” until the last day.  Although the Bible indicates that salvation has ended before the last day, it is also clear that the Gospel must continue to go out until then to sustain God’s elect.    


The Bible also reveals that God chose His elect before the foundation of the world.  Ephesians 1:4-5 illustrates this truth:


According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:  Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,


If you are one of God’s children, then one of those stars mentioned in Genesis 1:16 represents you!


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